首页  |  本刊简介  |  编委会  |  投稿须知  |  订阅与联系  |  微信  |  出版道德声明  |  Ei收录本刊数据  |  封面
九龙江口红树林表层沉积物重金属赋存形态及污染评价
摘要点击 505  全文点击 91  投稿时间:2022-01-02  修订日期:2022-03-01
查看HTML全文 查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
中文关键词  九龙江口  红树林  沉积物  重金属  BCR提取  生态风险
英文关键词  Jiulong River estuary  mangrove  sediment  heavy metals  BCR extraction  ecological risk
作者单位E-mail
张华兰 华侨大学化工学院, 厦门 361021
华侨大学环境生态工程研究所, 厦门 361021 
1264379206@qq.com 
于瑞莲 华侨大学化工学院, 厦门 361021
华侨大学环境生态工程研究所, 厦门 361021 
 
万瑞安 华侨大学化工学院, 厦门 361021  
胡恭任 华侨大学化工学院, 厦门 361021
华侨大学环境生态工程研究所, 厦门 361021 
grhu@hqu.edu.cn 
黄华斌 环境监测福建省高校重点实验室, 厦门 361021  
吴雅清 华侨大学分析测试中心, 厦门 361021  
中文摘要
      采用改进的BCR四步提取法分析了九龙江口红树林表层沉积物中16种重金属元素的赋存形态特征,运用次生相与原生相分布比值法(RSP)、风险评价编码法(RAC)和改进的潜在生态风险指数法(MRI)评价了重金属的污染水平和生态风险.BCR提取结果表明,Cd (52.55%)和Mn (47.71%)以弱酸溶态为主要存在形态,Pb、Y和Cu以可还原和可氧化态为主要存在形态,Ba、Tl、V、Th、Cr、As、U、Hg、Ni、Zn和Co主要以残渣态存在.RSP评价结果表明,沉积物受到Cd和Mn的重度污染,受到Pb的中度污染;Cu、Y和Co表现为轻度污染,Zn、Hg、As、U、Ni、Cr、Th、V、Ba和Tl表现为无污染;RAC评价结果表明,Cd和Mn具有极高风险,Co和Zn有中度风险,Ni、Cu、Hg和Y有轻度风险,其余元素(U、As、Pb、Cr、V、Tl、Ba和Th)无风险;MRI评价结果表明,研究区沉积物重金属综合潜在生态风险表现为严重风险,Hg和Cd是主要贡献因子,Hg有严重的潜在生态危害,Cd有较重的潜在生态危害,Tl有中等潜在生态危害,其余元素为低潜在生态危害.
英文摘要
      The speciation of heavy metals was analyzed using modified BCR four-step extraction methods to analyze the pollution of heavy metals in surface sediments collected from the mangrove wetland in Jiulong River Estuary. Subsequently, the pollution degree and the ecological risk of heavy metals were evaluated by using the ratio of secondary phase to primary phase (RSP), risk assessment code (RAC), and modified potential ecological risk index (MRI) assessment methods. The results of BCR four-step extraction showed that Cd (52.55%) and Mn (47.71%) mainly existed in weak-acid extractable fractions. Pb, Y, and Cu mainly existed in reducible and oxidizable fractions. Ba, Tl, V, Th, Cr, As, U, Hg, Ni, Zn, and Co mainly existed in residue fractions. The results of RSP showed that the sediments were heavily polluted by Cd and Mn and moderately polluted by Pb. Cu, Y, and Co were slightly polluted, whereas Zn, Hg, As, U, Ni, Cr, Th, V, Ba, and Tl were not polluted. The results of RAC showed that Cd and Mn were high risk, whereas Co and Zn were moderate risk. Ni, Cu, Hg, and Y were slight risk, and the other elements (U, As, Pb, Cr, V, Tl, Ba, and Th) presented no risk. The MRI results showed that the comprehensive potential ecological risk of heavy metals was serious in the surface sediments, whereas Hg and Cd were the main contribution factors. Hg was a serious potential hazard, followed by Cd. Tl was a medium potential hazard, and the other elements were low potential hazards. These results demonstrated that the mangroves were polluted by heavy metals in Jiulong River Estuary, and effective strategies should be employed to remediate the mangrove sediment in the future.

您是第38355585位访客
主办单位:中国科学院生态环境研究中心 单位地址:北京市海淀区双清路18号
电话:010-62941102 邮编:100085 E-mail: hjkx@rcees.ac.cn
本系统由北京勤云科技发展有限公司设计  京ICP备05002858号-2