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沉积物和土壤中胶体对氯霉素吸附行为的影响
摘要点击 791  全文点击 125  投稿时间:2022-01-21  修订日期:2022-02-28
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中文关键词  天然胶体  沉积物/土壤  吸附  氯霉素  光谱
英文关键词  natural colloids(NCs)  sediment/soil  sorption  chloramphenicol(CAP)  spectroscopy
作者单位E-mail
晏彩霞 江西师范大学地理与环境学院, 鄱阳湖湿地与流域研究教育部重点实验室, 南昌 330022 yancaixia@jxnu.edu.cn 
罗燕清 江西师范大学地理与环境学院, 鄱阳湖湿地与流域研究教育部重点实验室, 南昌 330022  
聂明华 江西师范大学地理与环境学院, 鄱阳湖湿地与流域研究教育部重点实验室, 南昌 330022
自然资源部生态地球化学重点实验室, 北京 100037 
mhnie@jxnu.edu.cn 
周旋 江西师范大学地理与环境学院, 鄱阳湖湿地与流域研究教育部重点实验室, 南昌 330022  
丁明军 江西师范大学地理与环境学院, 鄱阳湖湿地与流域研究教育部重点实验室, 南昌 330022  
中文摘要
      天然胶体(NCs)在沉积物和土壤中广泛存在,并可影响抗生素等污染物的环境归趋.以氯霉素(CAP)为抗生素代表,选取不同来源的沉积物和土壤样品,结合切向超滤技术、动态光散射、紫外-可见吸收光谱和三维荧光光谱等多种纳米分析技术和方法,揭示了沉积物/土壤中不同相对分子质量NCs对CAP的吸附能力及其影响因素.结果表明,相对分子质量小的NCs自生源贡献率大且腐殖化程度高,而相对分子质量大的NCs以陆源来源为主,且芳环上含有更加丰富的羧基、羟基和羰基等官能团.平行因子分析共识别出4个荧光组分,其中类腐殖质组分是主要成分.基于传统批处理实验探究了沉积物/土壤不同组分对CAP的吸附行为,结果表明,线性模型和Freundlich模型能较好地拟合土样不同组分对CAP的吸附.原始样品、去除有/无机碳样品中的NCs对CAP的吸附率均值分别为4.46%、3.93%和6.61%,说明NCs中的有机碳对CAP的吸附行为具有重要影响.CAP更易被相对分子质量小的NCs吸附,这可能是因为相对分子质量小的NCs腐殖化程度高,芳环上取代基以脂肪链为主,且NCs中的色氨酸类蛋白物质会抑制其对CAP的吸附.冗余分析结果表明,沉积物和土壤NCs对CAP的吸附主要与其NCs来源、芳香性、芳环上的有氧官能团、腐殖化程度和类腐殖物质有关.
英文摘要
      Natural colloids (NCs) are ubiquitous in sediments and soils, which could affect the environmental fate of antibiotics. Focusing on chloramphenicol (CAP), different sources of the sediments and soil samples were selected to research the sorption capacity of NCs with different relative molecular weights towards CAP, as well as the impactors, combined with a multi-method approach including cross-flow ultrafiltration, dynamic light scattering, UV-visible absorption spectroscopy, and three-dimensional excitation-emission matrix fluorescence spectroscopy. The results revealed that the low molecular weight (LMW) of NCs was associated with a low autochthonous origin and a higher humification degree. The high molecular weight (HMW) of NCs were mainly terrestrial sources, and the aromatic rings contained more oxygen-containing functional groups such as carboxyl, hydroxyl, and carbonyl groups. Four fluorescence components were identified using the parallel factor analysis model, and the humic-like substances were the primary fluorescent components. Moreover, based on batch experiments, the study investigated the sorption behavior of CAP by the different fractions of the solid samples. The results showed that the sorption processes of CAP were well fitted by the linear model and Freundlich model. The average sorption rate of CAP by the original solid samples and the solid samples with removed organic and inorganic carbon were 4.46%, 3.93%, and 6.61%, respectively, indicating that organic carbon played an important role in the sorption behavior of CAP. The results of the sorption experiments indicated that CAP was more easily adsorbed on the LMW NCs that had a high degree of humification and a more aliphatic chain on the aromatic rings. In addition, tryptophan-like protein substances in NCs showed the inhibiting effect on the sorption progress of CAP. Redundancy analysis indicated that the sorption of CAP by NCs in sediment and soil was mainly related to the source, aromatics, oxygen functional groups on aromatic rings, humification degree, and humic-like substances of NCs.

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