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蓝藻水华过程中优势种群演替模式、效应及驱动因子分析
摘要点击 633  全文点击 163  投稿时间:2021-12-25  修订日期:2022-02-11
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中文关键词  拟柱孢藻  假鱼腥藻  蓝藻水华  演替  资源利用效率
英文关键词  Cylindrospermopsis  Pseudoanabaena  cyanobacterial bloom  succession  resource use efficiency
作者单位E-mail
欧阳添 西南大学三峡库区生态环境教育部重点实验室, 重庆市三峡库区植物生态与资源重点实验室, 重庆 400715 ouyangt77@qq.com 
赵璐 西南大学三峡库区生态环境教育部重点实验室, 重庆市三峡库区植物生态与资源重点实验室, 重庆 400715  
纪璐璐 西南大学三峡库区生态环境教育部重点实验室, 重庆市三峡库区植物生态与资源重点实验室, 重庆 400715  
杨宋琪 西南大学三峡库区生态环境教育部重点实验室, 重庆市三峡库区植物生态与资源重点实验室, 重庆 400715  
郑保海 西南大学三峡库区生态环境教育部重点实验室, 重庆市三峡库区植物生态与资源重点实验室, 重庆 400715  
杜雨欣 西南大学三峡库区生态环境教育部重点实验室, 重庆市三峡库区植物生态与资源重点实验室, 重庆 400715  
李佳欣 西南大学三峡库区生态环境教育部重点实验室, 重庆市三峡库区植物生态与资源重点实验室, 重庆 400715  
李玉鑫 西南大学三峡库区生态环境教育部重点实验室, 重庆市三峡库区植物生态与资源重点实验室, 重庆 400715  
施军琼 西南大学三峡库区生态环境教育部重点实验室, 重庆市三峡库区植物生态与资源重点实验室, 重庆 400715  
吴忠兴 西南大学三峡库区生态环境教育部重点实验室, 重庆市三峡库区植物生态与资源重点实验室, 重庆 400715 wuzhx@swu.edu.cn 
中文摘要
      不同蓝藻种类形成水华的条件不尽相同,因此,蓝藻水华过程中常出现不同优势种群的演替,增加了蓝藻水华生态效应的不确定性和复杂性.然而,关于蓝藻水华过程中优势种群内部的演替模式、生态效应及其驱动因素,尚未受到足够关注.因此,于2018年4月至9月对重庆市内饮用水源地南彭水库进行浮游植物群落动态和水环境监测分析.结果表明:①南彭水库共检出浮游植物8门59属108种,其中优势种4门13种,以拉氏拟柱孢藻(Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii)优势度最高,其次为假鱼腥藻(Pseudoanabaena sp.);② 5月和7月分别出现蓝藻密度峰值,此时水华优势类群分别以假鱼腥藻和拟柱孢藻为主,且Shannon-Weiner多样性指数和Pielou均匀度指数均显著低于其它月份;③ NMDS结果显示拟柱孢藻和假鱼腥藻与周边浮游植物群落关联程度分别为0.58和0.48,而VPA结果显示群落变化可由环境因子解释47.51%,拟柱孢藻和假鱼腥藻仅分别能解释其中的12.04%和12.74%;④拟柱孢藻丰度受到WT、pH和RUEN的显著正影响,受到SD和RUEP的显著负影响;假鱼腥藻丰度受到高锰酸盐指数的显著正影响,受到EC和DO的显著负影响.以上结果说明两种蓝藻在大量生长繁殖时均对周边浮游植物群落产生了显著的影响,而与假鱼腥藻相比,拟柱孢藻对水生态系统影响更加明显;氮限制和温度升高的共同作用能促使拟柱孢藻取代假鱼腥藻,形成优势种群.
英文摘要
      The succession of dominant species always occurs during cyanobacterial blooms because there are certain conditions for cyanobacterial blooms formed by different cyanobacteria; this results in more uncertain and complex effects in cyanobacterial blooms. However, the succession pattern and consequences of dominant species and its driving factors have not received enough attention during cyanobacteria blooms. In this study, the phytoplankton community characteristics and water environment factors of Nanpeng Reservoir, a drinking water source in Chongqing, were monitored and analyzed from April to September 2018. The results showed that:① a total of 108 species of phytoplankton belonging to 59 genera and 8 phyla were identified in Nanpeng Reservoir. Of this, 13 species of 4 phyla were identified as dominant species, among which the dominance index of Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii was the highest, followed by that of Pseudoanabaena sp. ② The most dominant cyanobacteria were Pseudoanabaena and Cylindrospermopsis in May and July, respectively, in which cyanobacteria density peaked, whereas the Shannon-Weiner diversity and Pielou evenness were significantly lower than those in the other months. ③ NMDS results showed that the correlation between Cylindrospermopsis or Pseudoanabaena and the ambient phytoplankton community was 0.58 and 0.48, respectively. Moreover, the VPA results showed that 47.51% of the community variation could be explained by environmental factors, and only 12.04% and 12.74% of variation in community composition could be explained by Cylindrospermopsis and Pseudoanabaena, respectively. ④ The abundance of Cylindrospermopsis was significantly positively affected by WT, pH, and RUEN and negatively affected by SD and RUEP. However, the abundance of Pseudoanabaena was significantly positively affected by permanganate index and negatively affected by EC and DO. These results suggested that both dominating cyanobacteria had significant effects on the surrounding phytoplankton community. Relative to that of Pseudoanabaena, however, Cylindrospermopsis had a more obvious impact on the aquatic ecosystem. Moreover, the synergistic effect of N limitation and warming of the water column may have caused the replacement of Pseudoanabaena with Cylindrospermopsis to form a dominant population.

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