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基质比对厌氧氨氧化耦合反硝化脱氮除碳的影响
摘要点击 117  全文点击 51  投稿时间:2018-04-17  修订日期:2018-04-25
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中文关键词  厌氧氨氧化(ANAMMOX)  厌氧序批式反应器(ASBR)  生活污水  基质比  脱氮除碳  贡献率
英文关键词  anaerobic ammonium oxidation (ANAMMOX)  anaerobic sequencing batch reactor(ASBR)  domestic sewage  substrate ratio  removal of nitrogen and carbon  contribution rate
作者单位E-mail
安芳娇 兰州交通大学环境与市政工程学院, 兰州 730070 1171405081@qq.com 
黄剑明 兰州交通大学环境与市政工程学院, 兰州 730070  
黄利 兰州铁道设计院有限公司, 兰州 730000  
乔瑞 兰州交通大学环境与市政工程学院, 兰州 730070  
王瑾 兰州交通大学环境与市政工程学院, 兰州 730070  
陈永志 兰州交通大学环境与市政工程学院, 兰州 730070 476411589@qq.com 
中文摘要
      采用SBR处理实际生活污水,在实现半亚硝化时,其出水加入定量的NaNO2作为厌氧氨氧化过程厌氧序批式反应器(ASBR)的进水.在温度为24℃、pH为7.2±0.2时,考察不同进水NO2--N/NH4+-N对厌氧氨氧化耦合反硝化脱氮除碳的影响.结果表明:①进水NO2--N/NH4+-N为1.4~1.6时系统脱氮效能最佳,NH4+-N、NO2--N和COD平均出水浓度分别为2.14、1.07和30.50mg·L-1,三者去除率分别为93.62%、97.79%和74.75%,△NO2--N/△NH4+-N和△NO3--N/△NH4+-N分别为1.60和0.17,TN的去除是异养反硝化菌和厌氧氨氧化菌共同作用的结果.②随着进水NO2--N/NH4+-N的逐渐增大,厌氧氨氧化对脱氮的贡献率逐渐减小,异养反硝化对脱氮的贡献率逐渐增加.③典型周期内,NH4+-N和NO2--N的降解过程均为零级反应,线性关系良好,比降解速率分别为0.404 mg·(g·h)-1和0.599 mg·(g·h)-1,两者的比降解速率之比为1.48,COD的比降解速率呈现逐渐增大的趋势.
英文摘要
      Real domestic sewage was treated in a sequencing batch reactor (SBR). When the partial nitrification of SBR was achieved, the effluent was fed with quantitative NaNO2, which served as the influent of the anaerobic ammonium oxidation (ANAMMOX) process of the anaerobic SBR (ASBR). The effect of different substrate ratios on the removal of nitrogen and carbon using anaerobic ammonium oxidation and denitrification was investigated under conditions with a temperature of 24℃ and pH of 7.2±0.2. The results showed that ① the nitrogen removal efficiency was optimum when the influent NO2--N/NH4+-N was 1.4-1.6. The average effluent concentrations of NH4+-N, NO2--N, and chemical oxygen demand (COD) were 2.14, 1.07, and 30.50 mg·L-1, and their removal rates were 93.62%, 97.79%, and 74.75%, respectively. The △NO2--N/△NH4+-N and △NO3--N/△NH4+-N ratios were 1.60 and 0.17, respectively. Total nitrogen was removed by the joint action of denitrifying and ANAMMOX bacteria. ② When the influent ratio of NO2--N/NH4+-N increased, the contribution of ANAMMOX to nitrogen removal decreased, but the contribution of heterotrophic denitrification to nitrogen removal increased gradually. ③ The NH4+-N and NO2--N degradation processes corresponded with zero-order reactions and fitted the linear relationship in the typical cycle. Their specific degradation rates were 0.404 and 0.599 mg·(g·h)-1, respectively. Their ratio was 1.48, and the specific degradation rate of COD gradually increased.

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