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垃圾填埋场地下水溶解性有机物光谱特征
摘要点击 229  全文点击 81  投稿时间:2018-02-26  修订日期:2018-04-06
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中文关键词  填埋场  地下水  荧光光谱  来源  溶解性有机物
英文关键词  landfill  groundwater  fluorescence spectra  source  dissolved organic matter
作者单位E-mail
彭莉 重庆市市政环卫监测中心技术服务科, 重庆 4011211 pengli2003@126.com 
虞敏达 中国环境科学研究院, 环境基准与风险评估国家重点实验室, 北京 100012
中国环境科学研究院, 国家环境保护地下水污染模拟与控制重点实验室, 北京 100012 
 
何小松 中国环境科学研究院, 环境基准与风险评估国家重点实验室, 北京 100012
中国环境科学研究院, 国家环境保护地下水污染模拟与控制重点实验室, 北京 100012 
 
刘思佳 中国环境科学研究院, 环境基准与风险评估国家重点实验室, 北京 100012
中国环境科学研究院, 国家环境保护地下水污染模拟与控制重点实验室, 北京 100012 
 
张鹏 重庆市市政环卫监测中心技术服务科, 重庆 4011211 shuye80@163.com 
中文摘要
      垃圾填埋为我国垃圾处理的最主要途径,填埋过程中渗滤液的泄漏将导致附近地下水污染.地下水中溶解性有机物(DOM)能示踪外来污染物的来源、形态和迁移转化过程,其组成、结构和分布的差异具有重要的环境指示意义.联合现代光谱技术及多元统计分析方法,研究了不同运行年限填埋场地下水中DOM来源、组成和分子结构特征,探究了不同年限地下水DOM动力学演化规律.结果表明,填埋场地下水DOM以微生物来源为主,其次为自生陆源.填埋前期阶段其微生物来源DOM较多,而在填埋后期微生物来源DOM减弱.填埋年限较短的填埋场地下水DOM主要为一些新生成腐殖化程度较低的易降解类色氨酸和类酪氨酸,其促进微生物活性,且各点位差异性较大,应提高预警措施.填埋时间相对较长的填埋场地下水有机质腐殖化率高,难降解的大分子物质累积,微生物活性减弱,填埋垃圾趋向稳定对地下水影响减弱.
英文摘要
      Landfills have been the most common methods of organized waste disposal in China posing an incredible groundwater pollution threat. Dissolved organic matter (DOM) can be used to trace the source, species and migration of contaminants in groundwater, and the investigations of its composition, structure, and distribution play a role in environmental protection. This study investigated the DOM source, composition, and molecular structure in groundwater at landfills for different years of operation, and explored the dynamics of groundwater DOM evolution over time, usingmodern spectroscopy in combination with multivariate statistical analysis. The results showed that DOM in landfill groundwater was initially dominated by outputs from microbial activities, and this was followed by autogenous terrigenous input. In the early stages of landfilling, the DOM of microbial origin was significant; however, towards the late stages of landfilling, the presence of microbial DOM has weakened. The groundwater DOM with short landfill times were mainly composed of newly produced tryptophan and tyrosine, which had low humification, aromaticity, and molecular weight. Microbial activity was strong, and while there were initial, significant differences between sampling points, evidence of its presence could be used for early warning of contamination and monitoring should be conducted for its presence. Microbial activity weakened with longer landfill operation time, landfill waste tended towards stability, and the DOM in groundwater with high humification, aromaticity and molecular weight, was able to reduce the landfill impact on groundwater.

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