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上海市霾期间PM2.5、PM10污染与呼吸科、儿呼吸科门诊人数的相关分析
摘要点击 3939  全文点击 2769  投稿时间:2010-07-26  修订日期:2010-10-19
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中文关键词    PM2.5  PM10  门诊人数  呼吸科  儿呼吸科
英文关键词  haze  PM2.5  PM10  daily outpatient service  breathing sections  breathing sections of pediatrics
作者单位
殷永文 上海交通大学环境科学与工程学院上海200240上海师范大学生命与环境科学学院 上海200235 
程金平 上海交通大学环境科学与工程学院上海200240 
段玉森 上海市环境监测中心 上海200030 
魏海平 上海市环境监测中心 上海200030 
嵇若旭 上海交通大学医学院附属新华医院上海200092 
于金莲 上海师范大学生命与环境科学学院 上海200235 
于宏然 上海交通大学环境科学与工程学院上海200240 
中文摘要
      为了探讨上海市霾期间PM2.5、PM10污染与呼吸科、儿呼吸科日均门诊人数的相关性;对上海市6所大中型医院2009-01-01~2009-12-31期间医院呼吸科、儿呼吸科日门诊人数及霾天PM2.5、PM10的浓度数据运用广义相加泊松回归模型进行统计分析,并进行当日和滞后日的危险度评估.结果发现,在霾发生当日,PM10日均浓度每增加50 μg/m3,呼吸科、儿呼吸科日均门诊人数分别增加3%和0.5%;PM2.5日均浓度每增加34 μg/m3,呼吸科、儿呼吸科日均门诊人数分别增加3.2%和1.9%;同时PM2.5、PM10污染对门诊人数影响的滞后累积效应大于当日效应,且在霾污染暴发第6 d时累积效应达到最大化.从而推测,上海市霾期间PM2.5、PM10污染对医院呼吸科、儿呼吸科日均门诊人数具有一定影响.
英文摘要
      In order to explore the correlation between the concentration of PM10,PM2.5 which were taken during the day of haze pollution and the average number of outpatient service、pediatrics.Based on the date with the number of pediatric、outpatient and the concentration of PM2.5, PM10which were taken form the haze days on 1 January 2009- December 31 in 6 hospital in shanghai such as xinhuan hospital, we analyzed the data and executed the risk evaluation. The results showed that: in the haze day,when the average concentration of PM10 increase 50 μg/m3,the average number of the outpatient service and pediatric clinic increased 3% and 0.5%, when the average concentration of PM2.5 increase 34 μg/m3,the average number of the outpatient service and pediatric clinic increased 1.9% and 3.2%,Also, the pollution of PM10 and PM2.5 has a larger cumulative effects on the number of outpatient service. And the accumulation effect will be To maximize after 6 days behind the haze pollution.Thus, PM2.5,PM10 which were taken during the haze of pollution in shanghai, has certain influence on the average number of outpatient service,pediatric clinic.

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