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长三角地区碳源碳汇时空演化特征及碳平衡分区
摘要点击 515  全文点击 109  投稿时间:2023-08-17  修订日期:2023-10-11
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中文关键词  碳源  碳汇  时空演化特征  碳平衡分区  长三角地区
英文关键词  carbon sources  carbon sinks  spatiotemporal evolution characteristics  carbon balance zoning  Yangtze River Delta region
作者单位E-mail
李建豹 南京财经大学公共管理学院, 南京 210023
南京财经大学政府管理研究中心, 南京 210023 
lijianbao888@126.com 
陈红梅 南京财经大学公共管理学院, 南京 210023  
张彩莉 南京财经大学公共管理学院, 南京 210023  
揣小伟 南京大学地理与海洋科学学院, 南京 210023  
周艳 云南师范大学地理学部, 昆明 650050 zhy555ylp@163.com 
中文摘要
      掌握碳源碳汇时空演化规律,对促进区域低碳协调发展、提高减碳增汇政策的科学性及实现“双碳”目标具有重要意义. 以长三角地区41个市为研究对象,分析2000~2020年长三角地区碳源碳汇时空演化特征,在此基础上,进行碳平衡分区. 结果表明:①2000~2011年长三角地区碳排放增长较快,2011年以后碳排放波动上升. 2000~2020年长三角地区碳汇增加缓慢. 碳排放与碳汇的区域差异均较大,空间格局均较稳定. ②长三角地区碳补偿率呈下降趋势,碳生产力、能源利用效率和碳生态承载能力不断增强. 区域间差异是长三角地区碳补偿率的主要来源. 碳补偿率与碳生态承载系数均呈西高东低、南高北低的空间特征. 碳排放经济贡献系数较高值区主要分布在长三角中南部地区,较低值区主要分布在安徽省. ③依据碳排放经济贡献系数和碳生态承载系数,将长三角地区各市分为低碳保持区、经济发展区、碳汇发展区和综合优化区4类,并针对每类市提出相应的建议,以期促进区域低碳协调发展和实现“双碳”目标.
英文摘要
      Mastering the spatiotemporal evolution laws of carbon sources and sinks is of great significance to promote the coordinated development of regional low-carbon, improve the science of carbon reduction and sink increase policies, and realize the goal of “double carbon.” Taking 41 cities in the Yangtze River Delta Region as the research object, this study analyzed the spatiotemporal evolution characteristics of carbon sources and sinks in the Yangtze River Delta Region from 2000 to 2020 and conducted the carbon balance zoning. The results were as follows: ① The carbon emissions increased rapidly in the Yangtze River Delta Region from 2000 to 2011 but with some fluctuations after 2011. Carbon sinks increased slowly in the Yangtze River Delta Region from 2000 to 2020. The regional differences in carbon emissions and carbon sinks were significant, and the spatial pattern was relatively stable. ② The carbon compensation rate in the Yangtze River Delta Region showed a downward trend, and the carbon productivity, energy utilization efficiency, and carbon ecological support capacity were constantly enhanced. Interregional differences were the main source of carbon compensation rate in the Yangtze River Delta Region. Both the carbon compensation rate and carbon ecological support coefficient showed a spatial pattern of “high in the west and low in the east, high in the south and low in the north.” The areas with high carbon economy contributive coefficient were concentrated in the central and southern areas of the Yangtze River Delta regions, and the areas with low carbon economy contributive coefficient were concentrated in Anhui Province. ③ Based on the carbon economy contributive coefficient and the carbon ecological support coefficient, cities in the Yangtze River Delta Region were classified into low-carbon maintenance areas, economic development areas, carbon sink development areas, and comprehensive optimization areas. Recommendations were proposed for each category of cities in order to promote the coordinated development of regional low-carbon and realize the goal of “double carbon”.

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