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粉煤灰添加对城市多源有机废弃物联合堆肥效能及堆体细菌群落的影响
摘要点击 484  全文点击 110  投稿时间:2023-06-05  修订日期:2023-08-13
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中文关键词  粉煤灰  多源有机废弃物  联合堆肥  环境因子  细菌群落结构
英文关键词  fly ash  multi-source organic solid waste  co-composting  environmental factors  bacterial community structure
作者单位E-mail
邹嘉成 中国矿业大学(北京)化学与环境工程学院, 北京 100083 zjc18865381510@163.com 
杜闫彬 中国矿业大学(北京)化学与环境工程学院, 北京 100083  
苏凯文 中国矿业大学(北京)化学与环境工程学院, 北京 100083  
于彩虹 中国矿业大学(北京)化学与环境工程学院, 北京 100083 caihongyu@cumtb.edu.cn 
刘迎超 中国矿业大学(北京)化学与环境工程学院, 北京 100083  
王晨晨 中国矿业大学(北京)化学与环境工程学院, 北京 100083  
徐德卓 中国矿业大学(北京)化学与环境工程学院, 北京 100083  
中文摘要
      为实现粉煤灰和多源有机废弃物的高效资源化利用,采用好氧堆肥的方法,以厨余垃圾、鸡粪和锯末(15:5:2)混合原料为底物,添加底物总湿重的5 %和10 %的粉煤灰作为处理组(5 % FA和10 % FA),并以不添加粉煤灰作为对照处理(CK),通过测定联合堆肥过程中理化性质、养分元素和细菌群落结构的变化,探究不同粉煤灰添加量对联合堆肥的促进效果.结果表明,添加5 %和10 %粉煤灰可以显著提高联合堆肥的最高温度(56.6 ℃和56.9 ℃)并延长高温期持续时间(9 d),相较于对照处理,堆体总养分含量分别提高了4.09 %和13.55 %.在整个堆肥过程中,细菌群落结构发生了较大变化,各处理的细菌多样性均出现了明显的提高.在堆肥前期,变形菌门(Proteobacteria)是主要的优势门类,相对丰度在35.26 %~39.40 %之间.进入堆肥高温期,添加5 %和10 %粉煤灰处理中厚壁菌门(Firmicutes)相对丰度达到最高值,分别为52.46 %和67.72 %.芽孢杆菌属(Bacillus)和放线菌属(Thermobifida)是5 %和10 %粉煤灰添加量处理高温期的优势菌属,相对丰度分别为33.41 %和62.89 %(芽孢杆菌属)、33.06 %和12.23 %(放线菌属).冗余分析(RDA)结果表明不同理化指标对细菌群落均有不同程度影响,其中有效磷、速效钾、有机质以及pH是影响细菌群落结构的主要环境因子.综上,添加粉煤灰促进了城市多源有机废弃物联合好氧堆肥的无害化和腐熟化,优化了微生物群落结构,提高堆肥产品的质量和效率.
英文摘要
      To achieve efficient resource utilization of fly ash and multi-source organic waste, a composting experiment was carried out to investigate the effects of fly ash on co-aerobic composting using kitchens, chicken manure, and sawdust (15:5:2). The effects of different application doses (5 % and 10 %, calculated in total wet weight of organic solid waste) of fly ash on physical and chemical properties, nutrient elements, and bacterial community structure during co-composting were evaluated. The results showed that the addition dose of 5 % and 10 % fly ash significantly increased the highest temperature (56.6 ℃ and 56.9 ℃) and extended the thermophilic period to nine days. Compared with that in the control, the total nutrient content of compost products in the treatments of 5 % FA and 10 % FA was increased by 4.09 % and 13.55 %, respectively. The bacterial community structure changed greatly throughout the composting, and the bacterial diversity of all treatments increased obviously. In the initial stage of composting, Proteobacteria was the dominant phylum of bacteria, with a relative abundance ranging from 35.26 % to 39.40 %. In the thermophilic period, Firmicutes dominated; its relative abundance peaked at 52.46 % in the 5 % FA treatment and 67.72 % in the 10 % FA treatment. Bacillus and Thermobifida were the predominant groups in the thermophilic period of composting. The relative abundance of Bacillus and Thermobifida in the 5 % FA and 10 % FA treatments were 33.41 % and 62.89 %(Bacillus) and 33.06 % and 12.23 %(Thermobifida), respectively. The results of the redundancy analysis (RDA) revealed that different physicochemical indicators had varying degrees of influence on bacteria, with organic matter, pH, available phosphorus, and available potassium being the main environmental factors influencing bacterial community structure. In summary, the addition of fly ash promoted the harmlessness and maturation of co- aerobic composting of urban multi-source organic waste, while optimizing microbial community structure and improving the quality and efficiency of composting.

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