首页  |  本刊简介  |  编委会  |  投稿须知  |  订阅与联系  |  微信  |  出版道德声明  |  Ei收录本刊数据  |  封面
城-郊区域土壤铅(Pb)累积过程时空模拟:以中部某大城市为例
摘要点击 433  全文点击 115  投稿时间:2023-06-07  修订日期:2023-09-05
查看HTML全文 查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
中文关键词  城-郊区域  土壤铅(Pb)含量  土地利用模拟  累积过程模型  克里金插值  时空模拟
英文关键词  urban-rural areas  soil Pb content  land use simulation  pollutant accumulation model  kriging interpolation  spatiotemporal simulation
作者单位E-mail
宋啸凡 云南大学国际河流与生态安全研究院, 昆明 650091
中国科学院生态环境研究中心城市与区域生态国家重点实验室, 北京 100085 
songxf@mail.ynu.edu.cn 
侯鹰 中国科学院生态环境研究中心城市与区域生态国家重点实验室, 北京 100085
中国科学院大学, 北京 100049 
yinghou@rcees.ac.cn 
董一帆 云南大学国际河流与生态安全研究院, 昆明 650091  
杨勇 华中农业大学资源与环境学院, 武汉 430070  
高镇 中国科学院生态环境研究中心城市与区域生态国家重点实验室, 北京 100085  
陈卫平 中国科学院生态环境研究中心城市与区域生态国家重点实验室, 北京 100085
中国科学院大学, 北京 100049 
 
中文摘要
      城-郊区域类型众多的高强度人类活动导致土壤Pb累积过程复杂、时空异质性高,使得揭示该类区域土壤Pb累积过程的时空变化特征十分困难.以国内中部某大城市典型城-郊区域为研究区,构建土壤Pb累积过程单元模型,基于土地利用分类和模拟结果,建立土壤Pb累积过程时空模拟方法,模拟研究区2013~2040年土壤Pb累积含量,阐明土壤Pb含量未来时空变化特征.结果表明,研究区2013年Pb含量平均值约为其所在省份表层Pb含量背景值的1.77倍,土壤Pb污染较重.2013~2040年Pb含量将持续增加,增加量较低(0.53~2.25 mg·kg-1)的区域位于研究区西部、北部和南部,占总面积的25.46 %,增加量较高(3.98~5.70 mg·kg-1)的区域位于其东部,占总面积的17.14 %.研究区东部林地面积的增加、水域和草地面积的减少导致了该区域土壤Pb含量较大幅度地上升;此外,土壤Pb含量的空间分布还同重要工厂和交通设施的分布高度相关.通过突破以往研究中将土地利用视为静态不变的局限,能够在一定程度上反映区域土地利用变化对重金属累积过程的影响,可为城-郊区域土壤Pb累积过程模拟提供方法,并为该城市城-郊区域土壤Pb污染管控提供依据.
英文摘要
      The high intensity of diverse human activities in urban-rural areas leads to complex soil Pb accumulation processes and high spatiotemporal heterogeneity, making it difficult to reveal the spatiotemporal characteristics of soil Pb accumulation in these areas. This study used a typical urban-rural area in a large city in Central China as the study area, constructed a soil Pb accumulation model, and established a spatiotemporal simulation method for soil Pb accumulation processes combining this model and land use classification and simulation results. Using this method, we simulated the soil Pb content in the study area from 2013 to 2040 and elucidated the future spatiotemporal variation characteristics of soil Pb content. The results showed that the average soil Pb content in the study area in 2013 was approximately 1.77 times the background value of the Pb content in the surface soil of the province where the city is located, indicating significant soil Pb pollution. The soil Pb content was predicted to continue increasing from 2013 to 2040, with relatively low increases (0.53-2.25 mg·kg-1) in the western, northern, and southern parts of the study area, accounting for 25.46 % of the total area, and relatively high increases (3.98-5.70 mg·kg-1) in the eastern part, accounting for 17.14 % of the total area. The increase in the area of forest land and the decrease in the area of water bodies and grassland in the eastern part of the study area led to a substantial rise in soil Pb content in this region; in addition, the spatial distribution of soil Pb content was highly correlated with the distribution of important factories and transportation facilities. This study overcomes the limitations of previous research that treated land use as unchanging and to a certain extent reflects the impact of regional land use changes on the heavy metal accumulation process. It provides a method for simulating the soil Pb accumulation process in urban-rural areas and a basis for controlling soil Pb pollution in the city's urban-rural areas.

您是第56092340位访客
主办单位:中国科学院生态环境研究中心 单位地址:北京市海淀区双清路18号
电话:010-62941102 邮编:100085 E-mail: hjkx@rcees.ac.cn
本系统由北京勤云科技发展有限公司设计  京ICP备05002858号-2