首页  |  本刊简介  |  编委会  |  投稿须知  |  订阅与联系  |  微信  |  出版道德声明  |  Ei收录本刊数据  |  封面
安徽涡河流域水化学与同位素特征及水体转化关系
摘要点击 818  全文点击 109  投稿时间:2023-07-31  修订日期:2023-08-30
查看HTML全文 查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
中文关键词  涡河流域  氢氧稳定同位素  水化学特征  转化关系  MixSIAR模型
英文关键词  Guohe River Basin  hydrogen and oxygen stable isotopes  hydrochemical characteristics  transformation relationships  MixSIAR model
作者单位E-mail
许金昭 中国科学技术大学地球和空间科学学院, 合肥 230026 jinzhaoxu@mail.ustc.edu.cn 
刘桂建 中国科学技术大学地球和空间科学学院, 合肥 230026 lgj@ustc.edu.cn 
司雯 中国科学技术大学地球和空间科学学院, 合肥 230026  
刘锐佳 中国科学技术大学地球和空间科学学院, 合肥 230026  
王冠宇 中国科学技术大学地球和空间科学学院, 合肥 230026  
中文摘要
      以安徽涡河流域为研究区域,通过采集涡河地表水、浅层地下水和中深层地下水样品,运用Gibbs图、离子比例和MixSIAR模型等方法对各类水体的水化学参数和氢氧同位素进行分析,揭示并量化了各类水体之间的转化关系.结果表明,研究区地表水和地下水主要呈现中性至弱碱性,地表水的水化学类型以Cl·SO4 ·HCO3 -Na和Cl·SO4 -Na型为主,浅层地下水以HCO3 -Ca·Mg和HCO3 -Mg·Na型为主,中深层地下水主要为Cl·HCO3 -Na型.各类水体的水化学特征受到岩石风化、蒸发浓缩及正向阳离子交换等多重因素共同影响.地表水和地下水的δ18O和δ2H分布特征表明大气降水是该区域水体的主要补给来源,且地下水δ18O和δ2H值与K+、Na+、Cl-、SO4 2-和NO 3-浓度存在显著相关性.根据MixSIAR模型分析结果,地表水接受大气降水和浅层地下水的贡献率分别为46.5 %和53.5 %;浅层地下水的补给来源分别为大气降水(57.4 %)和地表水(42.6 %);中深层地下水的补给主要来自上游地下水的侧向径流补给.
英文摘要
      The Guohe River Basin in Anhui Province was selected as the research area for this study. By collecting surface water, shallow groundwater, and middle-deep groundwater samples, various hydrochemical parameters and stable isotopes of water in different water bodies were analyzed using methods such as the Gibbs diagram, ion ratios, and MixSIAR model to reveal and quantify the transformation relationships between these water bodies. The results indicated that both surface water and groundwater in the study area were predominantly neutral to weakly alkaline. The hydrochemical types of surface water were mainly characterized by Cl·SO4·HCO3-Na and Cl·SO4-Na types, whereas the shallow groundwater exhibited HCO3-Ca·Mg and HCO3-Mg·Na types, and the middle-deep groundwater was of the Cl·HCO3-Na type. The hydrochemical characteristics of various water bodies were influenced by multiple factors such as rock weathering, evaporation concentration, and positive cation exchange. The distribution characteristics of δ18O and δ2H values in surface water and groundwater indicated that atmospheric precipitation was the main water source. The δ18O and δ2H in groundwater were significantly correlated with K+, Na+, Cl-, SO42-, and NO3-. According to the analysis using the MixSIAR model, the contribution of atmospheric precipitation to surface water was 46.5 %, whereas the contribution from shallow groundwater was 53.5 %. The sources of shallow groundwater were identified as atmospheric precipitation (57.4 %) and surface water (42.6 %), and the main source of supply for middle-deep groundwater was lateral flow from upstream groundwater.

您是第56091396位访客
主办单位:中国科学院生态环境研究中心 单位地址:北京市海淀区双清路18号
电话:010-62941102 邮编:100085 E-mail: hjkx@rcees.ac.cn
本系统由北京勤云科技发展有限公司设计  京ICP备05002858号-2