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天津夏季边界层低层大气中PAN和O3的输送特征分析
摘要点击 331  全文点击 122  投稿时间:2018-05-08  修订日期:2018-07-18
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中文关键词  过氧乙酰硝酸酯(PAN)  臭氧  输送特征  边界层  天津
英文关键词  peroxyacetyl nitrate(PAN)  O3  transport characteristics  boundary layer  Tianjin
作者单位E-mail
姚青 天津市气象科学研究所, 天津 300074
中国气象局大气化学重点开放实验室, 北京 100081
天津市环境气象中心, 天津 300074 
yao.qing@163.com 
马志强 京津冀环境气象预报预警中心, 北京 100089  
林伟立 中央民族大学生命与环境科学学院, 北京 100081  
刘敬乐 天津市气象科学研究所, 天津 300074  
王晓佳 天津市环境气象中心, 天津 300074  
蔡子颖 天津市环境气象中心, 天津 300074  
韩素芹 天津市气象科学研究所, 天津 300074  
中文摘要
      采用在线仪器监测分析2017年夏季天津气象铁塔220 m观测平台大气中过氧乙酰硝酸酯(PAN)和O3的体积分数,并结合气象观测资料和后向轨迹分析PAN和O3的输送特征.观测期间PAN和O3体积分数平均值分别为(0.73±0.56)×10-9和(53±25)×10-9,最大小时体积分数分别为3.49×10-9和137×10-9,PAN和O3体积分数具有相似的日变化特征,白昼PAN和O3浓度高于夜间,且PAN和O3浓度相关系数(R2=0.52)显著高于夜间(R2=0.21).观测期间偏南风下PAN和O3浓度最高,偏东风下最低,风玫瑰图和后向轨迹聚类分析都表明,来源于西南方向的气流轨迹对应的污染物浓度最高,途经渤海和河北、辽宁沿海地区的偏东气流对应的PAN和O3体积分数最低,边界层内输送对PAN和O3的体积分数分布起到了重要作用.
英文摘要
      The volume concentration of peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN) and O3 in the atmosphere were measured at the Tianjin Meteorological Tower in summer 2017 by using the online instrument with meteorological parameters and back trajectory analysis to analyze the delivery characteristics of PAN and O3. The average volume concentrations of PAN and O3 during the observational period are (0.73±0.56)×10-9 and (53±25)×10-9, respectively. The hourly maximum concentrations of PAN and O3 are 3.49×10-9 and 137×10-9. The volume concentrations of PAN and O3 show pronounced diurnal profiles, which are both characterized by much higher values at daytime than at nighttime. In addition, the correlation coefficient between PAN and O3 at daytime (R2=0.52) is notably higher than that at nighttime (R2=0.21). The air masses originating from the south show the highest volume concentration of PAN and O3, with the lowest volume concentration originating from the east. The wind rose plot and cluster analysis of the back trajectories show that the highest concentration of pollutants mainly originates in the southwest. The air massess originating from the east and circulating through the Bohai Sea and coastal areas of the Hebei and Liaoning provinces show the lowest volume concentrations of PAN and O3. The transportation within the boundary layer plays an important role in the concentration distribution of PAN and O3.

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