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臭氧浓度升高对植物源挥发性有机化合物(BVOCs)影响的研究进展
摘要点击 149  全文点击 53  投稿时间:2018-02-08  修订日期:2018-05-13
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中文关键词  臭氧浓度  植物源挥发性有机化合物(BVOCs)  异戊二烯  单萜  复合作用
英文关键词  ozone concentration  biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs)  isoprene  monoterpene  combined stress
作者单位E-mail
冯兆忠 中国科学院生态环境研究中心, 城市与区域生态国家重点实验室, 北京 100085
中国科学院大学资源环境学院, 北京 100049 
fzz@rcees.ac.cn 
袁相洋 中国科学院生态环境研究中心, 城市与区域生态国家重点实验室, 北京 100085
中国科学院大学资源环境学院, 北京 100049 
 
中文摘要
      伴随地表臭氧(O3)浓度在全球范围内的普遍上升,针对植物源挥发性有机化合物(biogenic volatile organic compounds,BVOCs)与地表O3之间复杂的交互作用,本文综述了O3浓度升高对BVOCs影响方面取得的研究进展,并对未来研究提出了展望.研究进展主要包括BVOCs应对单因子O3胁迫的影响因素(如BVOCs种类,植物功能类型,植物O3敏感性及O3胁迫程度),以及O3分别与升温/二氧化碳(CO2)/干旱/氮(N)沉降等因子复合对BVOCs释放的影响.虽然O3胁迫不影响BVOCs释放的研究最多,但O3胁迫的降低作用在异戊二烯和落叶树种的研究中更突出,增加的结果更多地出现在单萜(MTs)、常绿植物和急性熏蒸的实验里.O3与升温/N沉降复合处理增加MTs释放,O3与CO2复合处理降低了异戊二烯释放.鉴于研究样本的稀缺,建议加强该领域研究,同时要考虑短期和长期处理、个体和生态系统水平研究的差异;加强以O3为主的多因子复合及生物与非生物多重胁迫对BVOCs影响的研究,以便更好评估陆地生态系统BVOCs对当前及未来O3污染情景的响应,为今后大气污染防治提供有价值的理论支撑.
英文摘要
      With the global increase of tropospheric ozone (O3) and complex interactions between biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs) emissions and tropospheric O3 concentrations, this review summarizes current research progress and future research prospects in terms of the effects of elevated O3 on BVOCs emissions. The main progress included impacts of BVOCs categories, plant functional types, O3 sensitivity of plants, the O3 stress level on the response of BVOCs emissions to single O3 stress, and the combined effects of elevated O3 and temperature, carbon dioxide (CO2), drought, and nitrogen (N) deposition. Results indicated that most published results reported no change in BVOCs emissions in response to increasing O3 concentration. Specifically, decreasing effects of O3 on BVOCs emissions were more obvious in studies on isoprene and deciduous species, whereas studies on monoterpenes and evergreen plant species showed more results with an increasing trend as well as acute O3 exposure experiments. There was an increased tendency of monoterpene emissions to the combined effects of O3 and temperature or N deposition. However, the combined effects of O3 and CO2 decreased isoprene emissions. Given that studies on the effects of O3 on BVOCs emissions remain scarce, more complete experiments are needed that consider differences between short-term and long-term or individual-level and ecosystem-level. Furthermore, future research should strengthen the multi-factor interactive studies, particularly on O3 and other global change components and biotic and abiotic stresses, to assess BVOCs emissions from terrestrial ecosystems in response to O3 pollution both currently and in the future, which will provide valuable theoretical support to air pollution control.

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