首页  |  本刊简介  |  编委会  |  投稿须知  |  订阅指南  |  联系我们  |  微信  |  出版道德声明  |  Ei收录本刊数据
覆膜方式和灌溉对夏玉米产量及农田碳排放强度的影响
摘要点击 105  全文点击 43  投稿时间:2018-04-08  修订日期:2018-05-17
查看HTML全文 查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
中文关键词  覆膜方式  灌溉  夏玉米  产量  温室气体  碳排放强度
英文关键词  film mulching patterns  irrigation  summer maize  yield  greenhouse gas  greenhouse gas emissions intensity
作者单位E-mail
罗晓琦 西北农林科技大学水利与建筑工程学院, 杨凌 712100 luoxq0903@163.com 
张阿凤 西北农林科技大学资源环境学院, 杨凌 712100  
陈海心 西北农林科技大学水利与建筑工程学院, 杨凌 712100  
冯浩 西北农林科技大学水利与建筑工程学院, 杨凌 712100
中国科学院水利部水土保持研究所, 杨凌 712100 
nercwsi@vip.sina.com 
中文摘要
      为探讨不同覆膜方式和灌溉对夏玉米农田产量和温室气体排放的影响,本研究设计了雨养(R)和灌溉(I)这两个主处理,对照(CK)、半膜覆盖(HM)和全膜覆盖(FM)这3个副处理,利用静态暗箱-气相色谱法监测了2014和2015年土壤CO2、CH4和N2O的排放通量,并借助碳排放强度(GHGI)指标进一步评价了不同覆膜方式的固碳减排效果.结果表明,与RCK相比,RHM和RFM在2014年增产作用不明显,而2015年分别增加19.6%和26.8%;与ICK相比,IHM增产作用不显著,而IFM在2014和2015年均显著增产,达到14.1%和55.8%.灌溉仅对2015年CO2排放有显著促进作用(P<0.01),同一主处理下覆膜方式对CO2排放没有显著影响(P>0.05).灌溉对CH4吸收没有显著影响(P>0.05),覆膜对CH4吸收具有抑制作用.ICK相比RCK,N2O排放量仅在2015年存在显著性差异,显著减少了22.3%;与RCK相比,RHM和RFM在2014年N2O排放量差异不显著,2015年分别显著降低了50.7%和51.4%;IHM和IFM与ICK相比,2014年N2O排放分别显著减少了47.5%和54.2%,2015年分别减少了9.6%和52.2%.灌溉可以通过提高产量从而显著降低GHGI;与RCK相比,RHM和RFM的GHGI仅在2015年显著降低,分别达到60.1%和61.7%;与ICK相比,IHM和IFM在2014年GHGI分别显著降低了39.7%和53.2%,2015年分别降低了22.2%和67.5%,即全膜覆盖降低GHGI的效果优于半膜覆盖.因此,对夏玉米种植而言,灌溉条件下全膜覆盖能保证作物高产稳产并降低农田碳排放强度.
英文摘要
      In order to evaluate the effect of different treatments on yield and greenhouse gas emissions during the summer maize growing season, a two-year film mulching experiment was conducted in 2014 and 2015. In this experiment, the two main experimental factors were rainfed treatment (R) and irrigated treatment (I), and the secondary experimental factors included control treatment (CK), half film mulching treatment (HM), and full film mulching treatment (FM). The emissions of soil greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, and N2O) were monitored using a static opaque chamber and chromatography method. Moreover, the greenhouse gas emissions intensity (GHGI) was used to evaluate the effect of carbon sequestration in different treatments. The results of this study showed that the yields of the RHM and RFM treatments did not differ significantly in 2014, but increased by 19.6% and 26.8%, respectively, in 2015 compared with that of RCK. The yield of IHM was not improved, and that of IFM significantly increased by 14.1% and 55.8% in 2014 and 2015, respectively, compared with that of ICK. The irrigated treatments only promoted CO2 emissions in 2015 (P<0.01), and all film mulching treatments (regardless of HM and FM treatments) had no effect on CO2 emissions under rainfed and irrigated conditions (P>0.05). Irrigated treatments had no effect on the absorption of CH4 (P>0.05), whereas the film mulching treatments had an inhibitory effect. Compared with values of RCK, the amount of seasonal N2O emissions for ICK showed a significant difference in 2015 with a decrease of 22.3%. Compared with values of RCK, the amounts of N2O emissions for RHM and RFM had no significant differences in 2014, but significantly decreased by 50.7% and 51.4% in 2015, respectively. Compared with ICK, IHM and IFM significantly decreased the amounts of N2O emissions by 47.5% and 54.2% in 2014, and by 9.6% and 52.2% in 2015, respectively. The GHGIs of RHM and RFM were significantly reduced by 60.1% and 61.7% in 2015, respectively, compared with values of RCK, and the GHGIs of IHM and IFM were significantly reduced by 39.7% and 53.2% in 2014, and reduced by 22.2% and 67.5% in 2015, respectively, compared with that of ICK. This means that the effect of FM on reducing GHGI was better than that of HM. It was also found that the significantly reduced GHGI in irrigated treatments may be attributed to the increased yields. Therefore, FM under irrigation conditions was recommended for summer maize for stabilizing the yield and reducing the GHGI.

您是第13689278位访客
主办单位:中国科学院生态环境研究中心 单位地址:北京市海淀区双清路18号
电话:010-62941102,62849343 传真:010-62849343 邮编:100085 E-mail: hjkx@rcees.ac.cn
本系统由北京勤云科技发展有限公司设计  京ICP备05002858号