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中试ANAMMOX-ASBR处理火电厂脱硫脱硝尾液的抑制及恢复特性
摘要点击 102  全文点击 49  投稿时间:2018-04-11  修订日期:2018-05-04
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中文关键词  厌氧氨氧化  反硝化  脱硫脱硝尾液  恢复特性  恢复动力学
英文关键词  anaerobic ammonia oxidation(ANAMMOX)  denitrification  desulfurization and denitrification tailings  recovery characteristics  recovery kinetics
作者单位E-mail
张军 青岛大学环境科学与工程学院, 青岛 266071 1053738530@qq.com 
于德爽 青岛大学环境科学与工程学院, 青岛 266071  
王晓霞 青岛大学环境科学与工程学院, 青岛 266071 elainewangxx@163.com 
唐佳佳 青岛大学环境科学与工程学院, 青岛 266071  
赵红 武汉凯迪电力环保有限公司, 武汉 430023  
韩长民 武汉凯迪电力环保有限公司, 武汉 430023  
应凌俏 武汉凯迪电力环保有限公司, 武汉 430023  
中文摘要
      采用中试ASBR(530 L),接种氧化沟工艺的兼氧段污泥,考察了厌氧氨氧化(anaerobic ammonium oxidation,ANAMMOX)的启动及其与反硝化耦合处理实际火电厂脱硫脱硝尾液的抑制和恢复特性.结果表明,温度35℃±1℃、反应时间为20 h,可180 d实现ANAMMOX的成功启动;活性稳定阶段,总氮(TN)去除率和去除负荷分别达91.1%和0.3 kg·(m3·d)-1.处理脱硫脱硝尾液的中试ANAMMOX-ASBR在活性抑制阶段,可采用去除抑制因素并降低进水基质浓度方式,实现其活性的恢复(93 d).此外,采用逐步增加脱硫脱硝尾液投加比例(30%、70%、100%)的方式,可实现中试ASBR内ANAMMOX与反硝化耦合,使得系统出水TN去除率和COD浓度分别稳定在约92%和88.5 mg·L-1.修正的Logistic模型更加适合描述ANAMMOX受脱硫脱硝尾液冲击后的NRR恢复过程,得到的NRR恢复延迟时间λ为17.777个周期,R2为0.92948.
英文摘要
      A pilot-scale anaerobic sequencing batch reactor (ASBR, working volume 530 L), inoculated with oxygen-segmented sludge in an oxidation ditch process, was developed to investigate the start-up of anaerobic ammonium oxidation (ANAMMOX) and its combination with denitrification for deep-level nitrogen removal from desulfurization and denitrification tailings of a thermal power plant. The results showed that, under conditions with a temperature of (35±1)℃and reaction time of 20 h, ANAMMOX was successfully started up after 180 days. During the stable operations phase, total nitrogen (TN) removal rate and removal efficiency reached 91.1% and 0.3 kg·(m3·d)-1, respectively. During the activity suppression stage of the ANAMMOX-ASBR treating real desulfurization and denitrification tailings, the recovery of its activity could be achieved in 93 days by removing inhibitory factors (Cl- concentration) and reducing the concentration of influent substrate. In addition, by gradually increasing the addition ratio of desulfurization and denitrification tails (30%, 70%, and 100%), the coupling of ANAMMOX and denitrification was achieved in the ASBR to ensure stable effluent TN removal rate and COD concentrations below 92% and 88.5 mg·L-1, respectively. The modified logistic model was more suitable for the NRR recovery process after ANAMMOX was impacted by desulfurization and denitrification tailings. The NRR recovery delay time λ was 17.777 cycles, the and R2 was 0.92948.

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