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四明湖水库浮游植物功能类群的季节演替及其影响因子
摘要点击 135  全文点击 48  投稿时间:2017-09-21  修订日期:2017-11-29
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中文关键词  亚热带水库  浮游植物  功能类群  季节演替  生物因子  非生物因子
英文关键词  subtropical reservoir  phytoplankton  functional groups  seasonal succession  biotic factors  abiotic factors
作者单位E-mail
郑诚 宁波大学海洋学院, 教育部应用海洋生物技术重点实验室, 宁波 315211 zhengcheng57@126.com 
陆开宏 宁波大学海洋学院, 教育部应用海洋生物技术重点实验室, 宁波 315211  
徐镇 宁波大学海洋学院, 教育部应用海洋生物技术重点实验室, 宁波 315211  
郑忠明 宁波大学海洋学院, 教育部应用海洋生物技术重点实验室, 宁波 315211  
朱津永 宁波大学海洋学院, 教育部应用海洋生物技术重点实验室, 宁波 315211 zhujinyong@nbu.edu.cn 
中文摘要
      浮游植物群落变化既受到环境因子单独作用的影响,也受到各因子之间交互作用的影响.为探究浮游植物群落结构的季节演替规律,对四明湖水库浮游植物群落及水体11项非生物因子和4项生物因子进行周年采样调查,分析了水库内浮游植物功能类群组成、季节演替规律及其与生物因子和非生物因子的关系.结果显示,调查期间四明湖水库的浮游植物种类可归入22个功能类群,其优势功能类群主要隶属于绿藻门和硅藻门.非度量多维尺度分析(NMDS)显示,浮游植物群落结构呈现出明显的季节性演替;通过SIMPER分析,筛选出10个与季节变化显著相关的功能类群,其主要变化过程表现为:夏季D+Lo→秋冬季D+P+Lo→春季X2+P+MP.方差分解分析(VPA)显示,浮游植物功能类群的季节变化是由水温-浮游动物交互作用与水温单独作用共同影响的结果;典范对应分析(CCA)发现,水温(WT)、透明度(SD)和硝态氮(NO3--N)以及浮游动物生物量是影响该水库浮游植物群落结构动态变化的主要因子.
英文摘要
      The succession of phytoplankton communities is affected by pure environmental factors as well as the interaction of various factors. Phytoplankton communities with eleven aquatic abiotic factors and four biotic factors were investigated in the Siminghu Reservoir, and the seasonal succession of phytoplankton FGs related to the biotic and abiotic factors was analyzed. The results suggested that a total of 22 phytoplankton functional groups were identified across the samples, and they were all affiliated with Chlorophyta and Bacillariophyta. An obvious seasonal succession was discovered by NMDS, which were present as D+Lo in summer, D+P+Lo in autumn and winter, and X2+P+MP in spring. In particular, we screened 10 functional groups with biomass significantly associated with the seasonal change in the phytoplankton community. A variance partitioning analysis (VPA) revealed that water temperature-zooplankton covariation and water temperature explained the variation in the phytoplankton functional groups throughout the year. A canonical correspondence analysis (CCA) showed that water temperature, transparency, nitrate nitrogen, and the biomass of zooplankton were the most critical factors determining the community dynamics of phytoplankton.

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