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典型土壤双季稻对Cd吸收累积差异
摘要点击 366  全文点击 97  投稿时间:2017-04-23  修订日期:2017-07-06
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中文关键词  Cd  母质类型  双季稻  Cd累积  Cd安全阈值
英文关键词  Cd  different types of paddy soil  double-rice system  accumulation of Cd  Cd security threshold values
作者单位E-mail
李欣阳 中南林业科技大学环境科学与工程学院, 长沙 410004 18390851747@163.com 
龙坚 中南林业科技大学环境科学与工程学院, 长沙 410004  
王树兵 长沙县黄兴镇农业综合服务中心, 长沙 410100  
陈齐 中南林业科技大学环境科学与工程学院, 长沙 410004  
董霞 中南林业科技大学环境科学与工程学院, 长沙 410004  
蒋凯 中南林业科技大学环境科学与工程学院, 长沙 410004  
侯红波 中南林业科技大学环境科学与工程学院, 长沙 410004  
彭佩钦 中南林业科技大学环境科学与工程学院, 长沙 410004 pqpeng123@sina.com 
廖柏寒 中南林业科技大学环境科学与工程学院, 长沙 410004  
中文摘要
      用盆栽试验方法研究典型土壤双季稻条件下水稻对Cd的吸收累积差异.选取典型水稻土黄泥田(板页岩母质发育)和麻砂泥(花岗岩母质发育),通过添加不同浓度梯度外源Cd,进行盆栽试验,研究双季稻不同生育期土壤有效态Cd(DTPA-Cd)、水稻植株各部位以及糙米Cd累积情况.结果表明,双季稻晚稻生育期土壤有效态Cd大于早稻,黄泥田大于麻砂泥,其差异性均达极显著水平(P<0.01).水稻植株各器官(根、茎、叶、壳和糙米) Cd累积量随外源Cd增加和生育期的延长而呈现递增的趋势.不同生育期、不同土壤水稻糙米与植株各器官Cd累积量差异显著,具体表现为:早稻小于晚稻,黄泥田小于麻砂泥.水稻各器官(根、茎、叶、壳和糙米)中Cd含量与土壤有效Cd含量呈显著或极显著正相关关系.应用稻米Cd含量预测模型及水稻累积Cd的特征方程推算出土壤Cd安全阈值为:黄泥田早稻0.98 mg·kg-1和晚稻:0.83 mg·kg-1;麻砂泥分别为0.86 mg·kg-1和0.56 mg·kg-1.不同母质土壤的安全阈值与环境容量不同,其环境质量标准与污染修复控制措施应该有所区别.
英文摘要
      Pot experiments were used to study the differences of Cd uptake and accumulation in double-cropping rice in typical soil types. To analyze the soil availability of Cd (DTPA-Cd) in soils and the Cd accumulation in double-cropping rice at different growth stages of the rice, we conducted pot experiments that selected the yellow clayey soil (paddy soil developed from plate shaley parent materials) and the granitic sandy soil (paddy soil developed from granitic parent materials). Exogenous Cd was added with gradients of 0, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 5.0, and 10.0 mg·kg-1. Results showed that, during the rice growth period, the available Cd in the yellow clayey soil was higher than that in the granitic sandy soil, and the difference was significant (P<0.01). This showed that the content of Cd in rice (roots, shoots, leaves, rice shells, and brown rice) increased along with the treatment level and with the extension of the rice growth period. The accumulation characteristics of Cd in rice grains and other tissues of rice indicated differences between two seasons and two soil types, that is, late rice was higher in Cd than was early rice, and reddish yellow clayey soil was higher in Cd than granitic sandy soil. Significant positive linear correlations were found between the effective contents of Cd in soils and those in rice tissues (roots, shoots, leaves, and brown rice). The prediction model of Cd in rice and the characteristic equation for rice accumulation of Cd were applied to calculate the critical values of Cd:0.98 mg·kg-1 for early rice and 0.83 mg·kg-1 for late rice in reddish yellow clayey soil, and 0.86 mg·kg-1 for early rice and 0.56 mg·kg-1 for late rice in granitic sandy soil. These threshold values are higher than the National Standards given in "farmland environmental quality evaluation standards for edible agricultural products (HJ 332-2006)." The soil security threshold values and the soil environmental capacities of the two different parent materials varied greatly; therefore, different environmental quality standards may be formulated and different measures may be needed to control Cd pollution in different parent materials.

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